Wales and Indentured labour

first_imgAs we have been reporting this year – March 12th – marks the 100th Anniversary of the cessation of indentured labour from India. During the 79 years of indentureship starting in 1838, the immigrants had been dubbed “bound coolies”. This perfectly described the way the sugar planters viewed them: as a group that would perform menial labour without any mobility away from the ambit of the plantation. And it’s more than an irony of history that at Wales, we have a recapitulation of the indenture experience going on.The essence of indentured labour was the contract that was signed by the “indentured servant” that was supposed to define the terms of his employment – hours of work, wages, hospitalisation, return passage to India etc. But more often than not, it was honoured in the breach leading to daily disputes between the labourers and the “overseers” and “drivers”. The unequally negotiated contract became a tool the planters used to ensure if the indentureds were not in the fields working, then the only excuse accepted was they were in hospital or in jail.Indentured labour is usually described as a transition device from slave labour to “free” labour, which state theoretically arrived after the last indentured labourers served out their contract by 1921. But it was a long and arduous – but ultimately futile – struggle waged by sugar workers for the premises of indentureship to be lifted from those that ran the industry. During the transition from slavery to indentureship, the remnants of the anti-slavery movement could be counted on to agitate in England when information on planter excess reached them. After indentureship, this task fell on the trade unions that were formed after 1939, when another protest by the workers ended in the police reading the riot act shooting and killing four and wounding dozens.At Wales, fifty years after independence from Britain, which was celebrated in grand style by the APNU/AFC government, the latter condescended to inform neither to the sugar workers nor their unions when they decided to shutter the plantation. How different was this from the days of indentureship when labour was a commodity, and who informs commodities of their fate?While the indentureship contract specified the hours of work to be seven and a half hours, “from dawn to dusk” was the reality. Today, even though the contract of the “free labour” specifies that if the employee is sent to work more than ten miles from his regular worksite, the employer is constructively breaking the contract, the government-run Guysuco insists that six-hundred cane-cutters must go daily to Uitvlugt, twenty-two miles away and not concede their demand for severance pay, which is due them for being effectively fired. The canecutters are seen as “bound coolies” with no control over their mobility.The truth is, Guysuco always knew the canecutters would refuse the “option” of working at Uitvlugt and their “offer” was made simply to allow the corporation to escape from its responsibility to pay the workers for constructively “severing” them. Uitvlugt suffered even more from the dynamics that operated at Wales and huge swaths of its lands had been abandoned while the factory is in no better shape that Wales, if that.Yet Guysuco is blithely claiming Uitvlugt could triple its production to 40,000 tons with the canecutters from Wales. Even if the cane were to be found to be cut, where would they be processed? The centrifuge, for instance, at Uitvlugt has been defected since the beginning of the decade, resulting in the yields being about half of Albion’s. Yet without even mentioning whether it will be fixed, production is projected to rise.Last week, we referred to Professor Frankfurt’s use of the word “bullshit” which is worse that a lie, since in the latter one knows the truth but is simply hiding it. At Wales, the government is simply bullshitting since they have absolutely no concern for the truth- they just want to sound “plausible” to escape culpability. There is no concern that they are dealing with the livelihood and lives of over six thousand persons. Even during indentureship, the planters were never this callous.last_img read more

Teen injured in Pomeroon boat collision

first_imgPolice at Charity, Essequibo Coast, are currently grilling the captain of a boat which was involved in a collision at Kabakaburi, Upper Pomeroon River. Reports are that at about 12:00h on December 27, Noreen Thomas, 39, of Kabakaburi, Pomeroon River and her daughter were heading home in her boat which was powered by a 15-horsepower engine when another boat collided with hers. As a result of the impact, Thomas’ 15-year-old daughter was flung from the boat and into the river. She was rushed to the Suddie Public Hospital where she was admitted.The 52-year-old captain, also of Kabakaburi, was detained by Police. This newspaper understands that the man has since admitted that he caused the collision and will be charged shortly.last_img

Algerian star reveals he rejected Manchester United move when he was 18

first_imgAlgerian star Ryad Boudebouz has revealed he snubbed a four-year contract offer from Manchester United as a youngster.Boudebouz is currently impressing for Montpellier in Ligue 1 – but he has now admitted he could have been plying his trade in England instead.Back in 2008 when he was on the cusp of joining Sochaux’s academy, the 26-year-old claims the Red Devils tried to snap him up but he instead decided to continue his progression in France.“I was in negotiations with Sochaux and my father received a call from a Manchester United representative,” Boudebouz told L’Équipe du Soir.“We did not believe it was him until the day when he came to our house with a four year professional contract and lots of money.“At the time, it was already a lot for us. We had the foresight not to leave too early.” Ryad Boudebouz rejected an offer to join from Man United 1last_img read more

Championship round-up: Aston Villa slump to defeat while Blades keep pace at top

first_imgAston Villa 1-2 Sheffield WednesdaySheffield Wednesday tore up the form book to claim a shock 2-1 Championship win over Aston Villa and record only their second away victory of the season.Adam Reach set the visitors on their way with the opening goal after only 19 seconds and fellow former Middlesbrough man Jordan Rhodes made it two before the break.Chris Samba’s last-minute reply was too little, too late for Villa, who also lost John Terry to injury.Steve Bruce’s side went into the game with six wins from their previous eight games, but never recovered from their nightmare start.Barnsley 2-0 Birmingham CityHarvey Barnes shone again for Barnsley as they continued their improved form by beating struggling Birmingham 2-0 at Oakwell.The Tykes headed into the game on the back of a morale-boosting midweek victory over Burton, and Tom Bradshaw struck early on after good work from Barnes to pick up where they had left off.The visitors rarely posed a serious threat and Zeki Fryers condemned them to their second 2-0 defeat in four days, after a loss to Brentford on Wednesday, with a well-taken free-kick.Barnsley’s convincing win moves them up to 16th place in the Sky Bet Championship. The outcome leaves Birmingham still without an away win since the final game of last season, without a goal in their last four games, and sitting in the relegation zone.Bolton Wanderers 2-0 Norwich CityImproving Bolton, unbeaten in October, kicked off November with a 2-1 Skybet Championship victory over Norwich at the Macron Stadium.Strikers Gary Madine and Adam Armstrong struck in the last 10 minutes of the opening period to make it five games without defeat for Phil Parkinson’s Trotters.Wanderers, who had thrown away six points in their previous three games, remain in the relegation zone. However, nine points from a possible 15 have lifted them off bottom before Sunderland’s game against Middlesbrough on Sunday.Derby County 2-4 ReadingReading tore up the form book and Derby’s hopes of a fifth consecutive win when they claimed a shock 4-2 victory at Pride Park.The Championship strugglers were always in control after Liam Moore and Sone Aluko scored in the first 13 minutes and Roy Beerens made it three before Johnny Russell pulled one back.Modou Barrow scored a fourth and although Chris Martin replied in the 90th minute, Reading had done enough.Ipswich Town 3-0 Preston North EndIpswich climbed to seventh in the Championship table after condemning Preston to a fourth straight defeat in the Sky Bet Championship match at Portman Road.A direct free kick by Martyn Waghorn in first-half stoppage time, a David McGoldrick,header and a wonder strike by Bersant Celina ensured victory for the hosts.Millwall 0-1 Burton AlbionMarvin Sordell’s second goal of the season saw Burton Albion beat 10-man Millwall 1-0 to record their first away win in the Championship since April.A poor contest turned when Millwall winger Jed Wallace was shown a contentious red card on the hour for a foul on Tom Flanagan on the halfway line.The mood of an angry home crowd soured on 70 minutes when Sordell netted with Burton’s first shot of the match, which proved sufficient to bring Nigel Clough’s side out of the bottom three.Nottingham Forest 4-0 Queens Park RangersQPR’s nightmare run at the City Ground was maintained in emphatic fashion as Nottingham Forest romped to a 4-0 success – ensuring an unwanted Football League record for Ian Holloway’s men.The Hoops have never won at Forest – and never looked likely to – as Mark Warburton’s men cruised to a victory inspired by two goals from Tyler Walker and a rampaging performance from Barrie McKay.QPR have now failed to win in 34 visits to the City Ground – including 29 games in the league, which is now officially the worst run of form of any Football League side, at any one venue, eclipsing Grimsby who have failed to win in 28 visits to Blackburn Rovers.Sheffield United 4-1 Hull CityLeon Clarke scored four goals as high-flying Sheffield United came from behind to beat Hull 4-1 in the Sky Bet Championship at Bramall Lane.Kamil Grosicki had given the visitors the lead in the 29th minute but four second-half goals from Clarke saw the Blades to victory. Steve Bruce watched his side lose at Villa Park 1last_img read more

Dyche notes Aberdeen’s similarity to Burnley ahead of tie

first_img“In a different way, trying to fight against the biggest clubs – at the moment here with Celtic, obviously, and then Rangers historically. They’ve done great to force their way in between that.“There are strong suggestions that Derek’s teams are always willing, organised and fit so there’s some things about ourselves.“Our job is to cope with that and deliver our performance. Usually if you get that right then you’ve got a better chance of taking care of business.”Burnley’s arrival in Aberdeen was delayed after a problem with their flight but Dyche shrugged off any suggestion it may affect his players. Burnley boss Sean Dyche has said he expects to face a team similar to his own when the EPL side face Aberdeen on Thursday.The Europa League second qualifying round has drawn Derek McInnes’ side against one of English football’s success stories of recent years, with Burnley rising under Dyche to become a respected top flight side and reach European football for the first time in 51 years.That rise has been underpinned by Dyche’s preparation and hard work and he said he had done his homework on Aberdeen, noting the similarities between the clubs.“Most people have put them in a similar thought to ourselves,” Dyche said. “They’re organised, willing to work, have a good fan base that back their team. “It was no problem at all,” he said. “It sometimes happens, the flight had a technical problem and we were delayed a bit.“But we were flying out of Manchester and most of our players live in south-west Manchester, so they popped home for a couple of hours. So it was no big drama.”However, several of the side’s best known players didn’t travel due to injury. Goalkeeper Tom Heaton (calf), Ashley Barnes (blisters) and Steven Defour (calf) are all out, while Robbie Brady is still making his comeback from a long-term lay-off.last_img read more

Brown County ORV accident leads to arrest

first_imgLuckey refused medical treatment at the scene, but was taken into custody by Conservation Officer Rob Klakamp and remanded to the Brown County Jail for operating while intoxicated (OWI).The cause of the accident is still being investigated, but alcohol appears to have been involved. The victim was not wearing a helmet or proper safety equipment.  Indiana Conservation Officers stress the safe operation of ORVs and the use of proper protective equipment such as helmets.All charges are merely accusations and defendants are presumed innocent until proven guilty.For more information on ORV safety, see offroad-ed.com/indianaIndiana Conservation Officers were assisted by Brown County Sheriff’s Department and Columbus Regional Medics. Indiana Conservation Officers are investigating an off-road vehicle (ORV) accident in which one adult male was arrested.The accident occurred early this morning at approximately 3:00 a.m., near the 7000 block of Bean Blossom Road in Morgantown.Tracy Luckey, age 24 of Nineveh, was operating an ORV on private property in a wooded area.  For reasons not yet known, the ORV flipped over pinning Luckey underneath and leaving him unconscious. last_img read more

Nurses and midwives announce 24-hour strike action

first_imgIreland’s nurses and midwives have today announced plans to go on strike for 24 hours at the end of this month.Some 37,000 staff are due to withdraw their labour for 24 hours on Wednesday 30th January over a pay dispute.If the dispute is not resolved, INMO members will launch further 24-hour strikes on 5th and 7th of February, and then the 12th, 13th and 14th of February. Nurses and midwives will provide only lifesaving care and emergency response teams during the period of strike action.The action follows a ballot in December in which 95% of INMO nurses and midwives voted to strike. This would be only the second national strike in the INMO’s hundred-year history.The dispute centres on safe staffing in the public health service. The INMO claims that the HSE has not been able to recruit and retain enough nurses and midwives on current wages. The number of staff nurses fell by 1,754 (6%) between 2008 and 2018, according to the organisation.INMO General Secretary Phil Ní Sheaghdha said: “Going on strike is the last thing a nurse or midwife wants to do. But the crisis in recruitment and retention has made it impossible for us to do our jobs properly. We are not able give patients the care they deserve under these conditions. “The HSE simply cannot recruit enough nurses and midwives on these wages. Until that changes, the health service will continue to go understaffed and patient care will be compromised.“The ball is in the government’s court. This strike can be averted. All it takes is for the government to acknowledge our concerns, engage with us directly, and work to resolve this issue, in a pro-active manner.“We were due to meet with the government in the national oversight body in December, but the meeting was cancelled. Like many patients in Ireland’s health service, we are still waiting for an appointment.”Nurses and midwives announce 24-hour strike action was last modified: January 8th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:healthHSEinmostrikelast_img read more

Heartbroken school colleagues offer love and support to Dawn’s family

first_imgColleagues of the tragic school-teacher killed in a freak accident in Dungloe have offered their love and support to her family.Tragic Dawn Croke was killed following a crash near the grounds of St Crona’s National School in Dungloe just after 6pm last night.Dawn was a much-loved teacher at Rosses Community School. The school has issued a statement offering their support to Dawn’s family including her partner Patrick and her two sons Jason and Calum.The statement says “Our school community wish to offer our sincerest condolences on the tragic death of our colleague and friend, Ms Dawn Croke.“We offer our condolences to her father and staff member Tony Croke, his wife Anne, our student Emily, past pupils Aaron, Ethan and Adam, her partner Patrick, and her sons Jason and Calum on the sad passing of our wonderful teacher and friend Ms Dawn Croke.“Our school wish to send our love and support to the family, school and local community at this sad time. “We, the school community, remember with love and fondness our colleague Dawn. We pray for the family and friends at this sad time.”The school remains closed today as a mark of respect to Dawn and her family.Funeral arrangements and other arrangements will be posted at a later date.Heartbroken school colleagues offer love and support to Dawn’s family was last modified: January 13th, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Marshfield soccer edges out Stevens Point

first_imgTrevor Cassidy saves a goal during the Sept. 3 game against SPASH. Hub City Times staff photo.By Hub City Times staffMARSHFIELD – The Marshfield Tigers soccer team edged out Stevens Point in a Sept. 3 meeting at the Ken & Ardyce Community Stadium.Marshfield’s Kyle Tremelling scored at 7:17, assisted by Ian Haugen. Stevens Point followed with a goal by Carlos Perez at 8:28. Sam Roherty, assisted by Bennett Koehn, sealed a 2-1 win with a goal at 25:05.Trevor Cassidy led Marshfield with four saves, while Point’s Spencer Banks had five.last_img

Adobe Digital Editions Beta Launched – Digital Reading Market Hots Up

first_imgFollowing hot on the heelsof the Microsoft-poweredNY Times Reader, Adobe has released Adobe Digital EditionsBeta – a Rich Internet Application (RIA) for digital publishing and reading. Theproduct enables users to acquire, read, and manage content such as eBooks and otherdigital publications. This market is ramping up quickly in late 2006, as the Sony Reader is also in beta form currently.Last week I spoke to Bill McCoy, General Manager of the ePublishing Business Unit atAdobe, to talk about the new product.Adobe Digital Editions is designed to be a lightweight, standards supporting digitalreader – and is focused on the consumer market. Bill said electronic reading “is reachinga tipping point” in the market right now.As with the NY Times Reader, the Adobe product reflows content and makes readibilityof e-content easier. The product is also cross-platform – working on PCs, mobiles, PDAsand dedicated ebook devices. Also the Digital Editions beta includes integration withAdobe Acrobat 8 and Reader 8, which can install and launch Digital Editions from withintheir user interface. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… richard macmanus Tags:#Adobe#web Adobe Digital Editions is built on the Flash platform – a key difference to the Times Reader, which isbuilt on Microsoft’s WPF (Windows Presentation Foundation) technology. So Adobe’s solution will work on Windows, Mac OS/Xand Linux (although currently the beta is only available on Windows). Perhaps the biggestdifference though is the range of content the Adobe product supports – PDF (obviously),XHTML, and Flask SWF for rich content. Bill stressed that these are open standards forcontent, unlike the Microsoft product which uses a proprietary content format.There will also be opportunities for publishers to make money from their electronicpublications, via contextual advertising in Adobe Digital Editions.In terms of DRM, it does have it – a new onecalled Adobe Digital Editions Protection Service, based on Adobe LiveCycle Policy Server.It also works with Adobe Content Server eBook DRM. The DRM sounds a bit daunting, butthose familiar with the ebook market (and indeed music too) will know that DRM is an almostinescapable part of the user experience.There will be associated authoring tool support from Adobe, coming out in the first half of 2007. Otherfuture plans include social networking (shared annotation and reading lists),browser-based operation (e.g. widgets that bring the Digital Editions reading experience to the browser), “push” delivery of content subscriptions and webcasts, mobileand device versions, and new ways to combine traditional text-based and interactivecontent.Adobe Digital Editions beta is available for free download from the Adobe Labs Website.Here are some further screenshots of the product: Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Related Posts last_img read more